1. Keep fuel tank half full or more. It provides weight to
the rear end to track through snow better, lessens condensation formation
in the fuel tank during temperature swings, and provides a cushion of time
to keep vehicle running if you get stuck in cold weather.
2. Be sure tires are in good condition. Good tire tread is
essential for turning, accelerating, and stopping on snowy roads.
3. Keep windshield, side view mirrors/windows and rear
window clear. Make sure the windshield washer reservoir is filled before
driving, especially after the roads have been salted. Clear vision is key
to being able to react quickly to changes in the road and to other
vehicles around you.
4. Remember that four wheel drive gets better traction when
accelerating from a stop, but
does not stop
any better than a two wheel drive vehicle on icy roads.
5. If you get stuck in snow, do not try to rock vehicle
free with transmission. Multiple drive-to-reverse shifts can overheat and
damage the transmission.
6. If you have to travel in a snowstorm, use familiar
roads. Snow can cover signs and road surfaces making it easy to drive off
the road, and get stuck in a ditch or snow bank.
Keep an emergency kit in your vehicle. Your kit should include:
first aid kit
tool kit (screwdriver, pliers, adjustable wrench, knife)
winter clothing and a blanket
and transistor radio (with extra batteries for both)
of high-calorie, non-perishable food (candy, canned nuts, nutrition
piece of bright colored cloth to hang off antenna. This will attract
attention to your vehicle if you get stuck
bag of sand or kitty litter to put under drive wheels if stuck on ice
wireless phone (cell phone)
8. Make sure your
vehicle is in good running condition. The vehicle systems that are vital
to ensure safe and reliable winter driving include the brake system,
battery/charging system, fuel injection, ignition systems and the engine
9. Allow extra distance for safe stopping and turning.
Better to creep around a corner than to find ice on the road and slide
into an intersection!
10. Slow down- everything. Sudden turns or brake applications could start
the vehicle spinning, and driving too fast may not allow enough time to
react to changes ahead.